Another prevalent difference was the emergence of popular monasteries in the 5th entry CE which helped to attract many Chinese converts although it did not appeal to them as effectively until the Post-Han dynasty nomadic assassination of China after CE, when powerful generals abolished Diffusion of christianity and buddhism during Han and split it into three separate kingdoms.
Christianity resembled the version of Buddhism that spread to China and later Korea and Japan by stressing the possibility of an afterlife and the role that holy leaders could play in helping to attain it.
Stearns, Peter The decline of the classical empires contributed several ingredients to the spread of what turned out to be the great world religions. The common dynamic and chronology shared by Christianity and spreading Buddhism suggest a similar process at work, as ordinary people sought a well-organized spiritual outlet different from traditional animism, more focused on otherworldly salvation.
One final world religion remained to enter the lists. Islam, launched in A. A key tenet involved a complex doctrine of the Trinity, which held that the one God had three persons, the Father, the Son Christand the Holy Ghost.
Christianity could not become a major religion until gaining political power. More perhaps than any other major religion, certainly more than contemplative and tolerant Buddhism, Christianity stressed its possession of exclusive truth and its intolerance of competing beliefs. A world religion is defined by unusual durability and drawing power and by a complexity that can win adherence from many different kinds of people.
Holy men, sometimes granted the title saint after their death, were revered not only as models but also because their spiritual attainments could lend merit to the strivings of more ordinary folk.
Like all successful religions, Christianity combined a number of appeals. Among these, was Buddhism. Christianity, on the other hand, was not as appreciated by officials from the Roman and Hellenic Empires — Polytheism was already prominent in the Roman empire during Fax Roman Roman peace during the 1st and 2nd centuries CEand the introduction of a monotheistic religion would be expected to bring about inflicting ideas between the imperials and their fraction of Christian subjects.
When comparing the two religions, you realize that in the earl beginnings of both, they began ascetically. Though initially less significant then Buddhism in terms of numbers of converts, Christianity would ultimately prove to be one of the two largest world faiths.
Eastern monasticism was organized by St. Obviously also, each religion had its own flavor; the idea of common process must not be exaggerated. Chinese travelers learned of Buddhism through trading expeditions to India.
Francis Xavier arrived in the East. Later on, Christianity was spread among the same roads. These towns allowed Buddhists to build monastaries and host travelers and merchants. The Christian emphasis on the beauty of poverty and the spiritual equality of all people, plus the fervor of the early Christians and the satisfying rituals they provided, gained growing attention.
God in BuddhismGod in Christianityand Crucifixion of Jesus There are inherent and fundamental differences between Buddhism and Christianity, one significant element being that while Christianity is at its core monotheistic and relies on a God as a CreatorBuddhism is generally non-theistic and rejects the notion of a Creator God which provides divine values for the world.
There was a world framework, in other words, that affected the separate currents of the major civilizations. Originally these religions appealed mostly to the poor who sought salvation.
Christianity also worked against other classical institutions, such as slavery, in the name of brotherhood though later Christians would accept slavery in other contexts. Under the guidance of Paul, Christians began to see themselves as part of a new religion rather than a Jewish reform movement, and they welcomed non-Jewish converts.
But it became much easier to spread Christianity with official favor. As a result, Christianity spread mainly across the Greek societies of the Mediterranean basin and in Mesopotamia and Iran; furthermore, Christian societies appeared in almost all parts of the Roman Empire by the 3rd century CE.
One of the biggest land and sea trade routes during this time that had a great impact in cultural diffusion was the Silk Road which connected almost all of Eurasia, extending from China to the Mediterranean Sea.
Bentley also wrote of similarities and stated that it is possible "that Buddhism influenced the early development of Christianity" and suggested "attention to many parallels concerning the births, lives, doctrines, and deaths of the Buddha and Jesus".
Not surprisingly, Christianity, like Buddhism, produced an important monastic movement, in which especially holy individuals grouped to live a spiritual life and serve their religion through their sanctity.
An important if complex decision in itself, the council also showed how important unified doctrine was to Christianity, in contrast to the greater toleration of diversity in Hinduism and Buddhism. When these guests would stay at these monastaries, often the Buddhist faith was adopted. It is seen that these two religions both benefitted greatly through control of political power, or possessing a poltical advocate.
Combining extraordinary gentleness of spirit and great charisma, Jesus preached widely in Israel and gathered a group of loyal disciples around him.
Thundy has surveyed the similarities and differences between the birth stories of Buddha by Maya and Jesus by Mary and notes that while there are similarities such as virgin birth, there are also differences, e.
As Hinduism evolved from the Brahman religion, it did the same and also spread to a few other areas of Indian commercial influence in Southeast Asia. Buddhism also did not acknowledge the caste system, which was very important to the lower castes. The spread of Buddhism, on the other hand, generally relied on merchants who traveled along the central Asian silk roads to various trading centers — notably Mere, Babushka, Samaritan, and Karakas, just to name a few.
Rhys Davids wrote that the earliest missionaries to Tibet observed that similarities have been seen since the first known contact: Buddhism appealed to those who wished to escape the cycle of incarnation without having to rely on brahmin priests.
Despite the fact that these religions had some similarities and other differences, they were both able to greatly evolve and grow impressively from their origins to the 6th century. Well-organized temples, with priests and rituals, also helped bring religious solace to ordinary people in East Asia.Since the arrival of Christian missionaries in the East in the 13th century, followed by the arrival of Buddhism in Western Europe in the 18th and 19th centuries, similarities were perceived between the practices of Buddhism and Christianity.
During the 20th century the differences between these two belief systems were also highlighted. Despite. Development And Spread Of World Religions End Of The Classical Era Author: Stearns, Peter Christianity And Buddhism Compared As during the period of chaos in China, Rome's decline brought vital new common bonds.
Chinese travelers learned of Buddhism through trading expeditions to India. Trade and diffusion of artistic styles. Diffusion of Buddhism and Christianity Siddhartha Gautama, better known simply as Buddha, first followed the Hindu religion but then later realized that the cast system from Hindu was immoral and decided to leave his earthly possessions to find what he believed to be nirvana, which resulted in the creation of Buddhism - Diffusion of Buddhism.
The spread of religion during the Classical Period for both Christianity and Buddhism was directly influenced by economic and social exchange, between various societies, through prosperous trade routes and political connections spawned from within individual civilizations.
Over time, these persistent religions will develop into the basis of Western. Religion Quiz/Test. STUDY. PLAY. What is monotheistic? worship one deity. What forms of diffusion did christianity use to spread?
relocation (first with missionaries) contagious (people caught on) and hierarchal What is the diffusion of Buddhism? Into Tibet and East Asia. What is the hearth of Buddhism? India. 3 Religion: Origins and Diffusion Cultural Geography A Geography of Religion For many people, religion, more than any other cultural trait, defines who they are and how they understand the Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism are the major world universalizing religions; Church peaked during the Middle Ages.
This branch still maintains the.Download